This research summary report discusses the barriers and enablers to women’s career advancement in the public and private health sectors in Jordan. Through this study on occupational segregation, initiated by the HRH2030 (Human Resources for Health in 2030) program, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)1 will assist the government of Jordan and the Ministry of Health to improve its health workforce with evidence by informing policies and other interventions to strengthen women’s progression to top-level management positions. The findings provide vital information that can be used by government, health institutions, and other stakeholders to strategize ways to reduce gender inequalities in the workplace and promote qualified women into the decision-making sphere. Improving gender parity will optimize participation, performance, productivity, and efficiency of the country’s human resources for health. This will in turn strengthen the overall health system, which is critical for enhanced health outcomes in Jordan.