This study examines women's changing political participation in Jordan, focusing on the interplay between three major factors: Islam, the state, and feminism. The analytical framework is intended to enable the contribution of each factor to the development of women's political participation to be assessed. A detailed comparative analysis tracing women's political experiences and their overall political-legal status throughout the Arab world is also presented. Field research and interviews with Jordanian activists and 70 women at the grassroots level were conducted in Jordan to supplement and highlight women's views on political, social, legal, economic, and other key issues. The field research demonstrates that women seek changes in Jordanian laws that will further enable them to improve their participation in politics and in public life.