This report consists of three main sections. The introductory chapter, “Contextualizing Women’s Rights and Health Expenditure,” describes the political context in the region, the status of feminist movements and each country’s position on international obligations, covenants, treaties and consensus documents. It also highlights health expenditure issues and analyzes health policies and budgets in the countries in this study. The second chapter, “Reproductive Health and Rights,” tackles countries’ commitments to and progress in achieving global standards in maternal health, abortion, population policies, and contraception and reproductive cancers. The third chapter, “Sexual Health and Rights,” covers issues related to young people sexuality in terms of comprehensive sexuality education and access to services; sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are discussed in this chapter, as are gender-based violence, trafficking and other sexuality issues. Women’s voices, taken from other sources, are presented throughout the report to add a qualitative dimension to the statistical data, followed by a synthesis of the NGO interviews. The report concludes with a set of recommendations for the post-ICPD process.