The aim of the report is to identify the critical issues of the Iraqi refugees in 2008, especially the vulnerable groups of children and women and their humanitarian needs. The report examines the lack of legal framework in Jordan to identify the status of Iraqi refugees and obtain quantitative information about them. Additionally, it looks at other urgent issues including unemployment, lack of access to education and health care and high level of post-traumatic stress syndrome among the refugees. The report summarizes key actions and achievements of the UNICEF in 2007. It also includes the organization’s plans for the humanitarian action in areas of health and nutrition, education, and child protection in the following year in response to the urgent issues.